About BMI


Unlike other immigration studies centers in the U.S., BMI’s interdisciplinary focus has been shaped by the unavoidable issues in our own backyard, especially the ways in which immigration policies and practices impact the lives of hundreds-of-thousands of migrants and Arizona residents. Arizona has the most active migratory transit, the most militarized, and most deadly border area in the U.S. This harsh and complicated situation has profound consequences for the state, the nation, and U.S. relations with Mexico. The University of Arizona’s Dept. of Mexican American Studies has, therefore, established the Binational Migration Institute (BMI).


Below: A segment of the Border Wall, Nogales, AZ

Seminal research undertaken by BMI Coordinator Raquel Rubio-Goldsmith, Adjunct Professor, and experts from other U.S. universities has clearly demonstrated why any serious investigation of immigration enforcement practices must encompass Latino citizens and legal residents of the U.S. as well as undocumented migrants. This scientifically rigorous body of work shows, for instance, that a startling percentage of South Tucson’s Latino citizens and legal residents reported some type of legal, verbal, or physical mistreatment by immigration authorities. Subsequent works by BMI affiliated scholars continue to support claims that immigration enforcement policies have negative and far-reaching health, economic, social, and psycological consequences that impact entire communities, not just immigrants. For BMI affiliated scholars and more about their work, click the "faculty" tab above.